Emergency department cases resulting from substance use are an indicator of the level of community harm. They are also a teachable moment in which screenings, brief interventions, and referrals can be successful and reduce the occurrence of repeated health care visits. Emergency department use contributes to the high medical costs associated with substance use. Events that lead to emergency room visits reflect the prevalence of drug and alcohol use in a community, characteristics of the drugs being used, and practices of combining substances that may have lethal doses.
Interviews of jail inmates and self-reporting surveys of Drug Court participants, Probationers and persons enrolled in substance abuse treatment at The Recovery Center, Fairfield County ADAMH Board. The jail interviews were completed with staff from The Recovery Center. The Center for State Courts provided analysis of the data as part of the Harold Rogers Prescription Drug Monitoring Grant received by the Fairfield County ADAMH Board, 2013-2016.
The Criminal Justice sample consisted of jail inmates, drug court participants and probationers in Fairfield County. The SA Treatment sample consisted of individuals enrolled in substance abuse treatment at The Recovery Center.